创伤后应激障碍(PTSD)

许多研究调查了催眠治疗创伤后应激障碍(PTSD)和急性应激障碍(ASD, Acute Stress Disorder)的效果。迄今为止,证据比较模糊。使用了催眠的个案研究表明了很好的疗效,但别的研究并没有显示出相同水平的疗效。

目前针对PTSD的循证治疗包括:以创伤为重点的行为认知疗法(TF-CBT, Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy)、眼动脱敏与再处理(EMDR, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing)。有趣的是,一些常用的CBT治疗PTSD的技术(例如,重拾创伤记忆、成人自己安慰小孩的自己having an adult “self” comfort a “child self”)起源于催眠技术。CBT技术带来的好处是理解创伤个体的概念框架(conceptual framework);催眠给PTSD治疗带来的好处包括:安全感/ 情绪调节、重拾记忆的框架和技术。

催眠和创伤后应激障碍相关的参考文献

  • Abramowitz, E. G., Barak, Y., Ben-Avi, I., Knobler, H. Y. (2008). Hypnotherapy in the treatment of chronic combat-related PTSD patients suffering from insomnia: a randomized zolpiderm-controlled clinical trial. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 56(3), 270-280.

论文题目:催眠疗法在慢性的、与战争相关的、遭受失眠的创伤后应激障碍患者中的作用(一个随机对照试验);所载刊物:国际临床和实验催眠杂志

  • Bryant, R. A., Moulds, M. L., Guthrie, R. M., Nixon, R. D. V. (2005). The additive benefit of hypnosis and cognitive behavioural therapy in treating acute stress disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73(2), 334-340.

论文题目:催眠用于认知行为疗法,对急性应激障碍治疗的附加好处;所载刊物:咨询和临床心理学杂志

  • Bryant, R. A., Moulds, M. L., Nixon, R. D. V., Mastrodomenico, J., Felmingham, K., Hopwood, S. (2006). Hypnotherapy and cognitive behaviour therapy of acute stress disorder: a 3 year follow-up. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44(9), 1331-1335.

论文题目:用于急性应激障碍的催眠疗法和行为认知疗法(一项三年的随访);所载刊物:行为研究和治疗

  • Cardena, E. (2000). Hypnosis in the treatment of trauma: a promising, but not fully supported, efficacious intervention. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 48(2), 225-238.

论文题目:用于创伤治疗的催眠(一项有希望,但未获完全支持的有效干预);所载刊物:国际临床和实验催眠杂志

  • Spiegel, D. (1989). Hypnosis in the treatment of victims of sexual abuse. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 12(2), 295-305.

论文题目:催眠治疗性虐待受害者;所载刊物:北美精神病临床杂志

  • Spiegel, D. (1992). The use of hypnosis in the treatment of PTSD. Psychiatric Medicine, 10(4), 21-30.

论文题目:在治疗创伤后应激障碍中使用催眠;所载刊物:精神病医学

  • Spiegel, D., Cardena, E. (1990). New uses of hypnosis in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 51, 39-43.

论文题目:在创伤后应激障碍治疗中使用催眠;所载刊物:临床精神病杂志

 

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